Definition : Arbitration - Arbitration award

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The declaration of co-ownership is a contract that orchestrates and regulates the lives of co-owners, lessees and other occupants of the immovable. It represents the guideline for everyone who lives in the immovable.The declaration of co-ownership provides, systematically, that it is up to the board of directors to have its content abided to. However, it happens that people break the rules, in particular by a non-compliant use of a private portion with regard to the destination of the immovable, a noise nuisance and work carried out in violation of the by the laws of the immovable. Other examples illustrate the problems that can occur in the co-ownership, such as an encroachment on a common portion or the improper installation of a floor covering. Anyone who does not abide to the declaration of co-ownership is liable, inter alia, to a legal recourse based on article 1080 of the Civil Code of Quebec . This action may be brought by a co-owner or the syndicate.
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Certaines déclarations de copropriété ont prévu des clauses qui obligent la médiation, et ultimement l’arbitrage. Les copropriétaires et les administrateurs doivent s’y soumettre, avant même de penser à entreprendre une procédure judiciaire. À la différence de la médiation, la décision rendue lors d’un arbitrage est finale et sans appel, sauf exception. Communément appelé « clause compromissoire », ce type de clause a pour objet d'exclure la compétence des tribunaux un litige pouvant survenir dans le cadre de l'exécution des obligations énoncées dans la déclaration de copropriété et de soumettre le tout à la décision d’un ou trois arbitres   
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