Definition : Board of directors

Decision-making body of the syndicate of co-owners whose powers and duties are determined in the declaration of co-ownership (Constituting act of the co-ownership) and by Law. It is in charge of managing the syndicate’s business and it shall exercise all of its powers necessary to assume its duties. The board of directors oversees, without limitation, to the preservation and the maintenance of the immovable and insures the co-owners, lessees and occupant’s compliance to the declaration of co-ownership.

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The director plays a leading role in a co-ownership. As a mandatary of the syndicate of co-owners, he ensures the smooth running of the immovable’s day to day business, which implies a working knowledge of the tasks related to this key function. As such, directors must act with prudence, diligence, honesty and loyalty, and never lose sight of the co-owners community interests. The civil liability of the directors with regard to the tasks incumbent upon them is largely ignored. Thousands of Quebeckers who sit annually on a board of directors, maybe including yourself, are unaware of this state of affairs.  
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Co-owners (or a director) can now take legal proceedings to oppose decisions taken by the ​Board of directors. Article 1086.2 of the Civil Code of Quebec, which came into force on January 10, 2020, allows the court to set aside or, exceptionally, to correct a decision of the board of directors. The proceedings must be initiated within 90 days of the decision of the board of directors. In order to promote stability of the Board’s decisions, the legislator allows to bring such recourses only in certain circumstances  
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  The Board of Directors is one of the two decision-making bodies of the syndicate. Composed of one or more directors, its duty is to administer, manage and ensure the preservation of the immovable. Its operation and decision making process are governed by the declaration of co-ownership. An overview of the various specific facets of the Board of directors.
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Relocations and move-ins involve going through the common portions of the building to transport furniture, boxes and other personal belongings. These operations could turn into a real mess or nightmare if, in a co-ownership, the framework for managing them has not been clearly established. While certain provisions of the Declaration of Co-Ownership are universal on this issue, nothing prevents a syndicate of co-owners from improving its content in order to adapt them to its own reality.    
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In order for the board of directors to validly deliberate and make decisions, the declarations of co-ownership generally provide that a minimum number of directors must participate to the meeting. This requirement is called the quorum.
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December 11th 2015 - The main duty of the board of directors in a condominium is to manage the Syndicate’s business. This means first to ensure the maintenance and conservation of the building, secondly to see to it that everyone respects every disposition of the declaration of co-ownership.
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