Definition : Cadastre - Horizontal cadastral plan

Cadastral plan where the lots are contiguous, meaning that they are situated one next to another. Each lot includes the entire immovable, all the space situated above it, from a point above the horizon designated as zenith (in astronomy), along with the ground underneath, to a point situated in the center of the earth designated as nadir. Consequently, you are the sole owner of your immovable.

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  From the first day of existence of the co-ownership, that is to say when its declaration of co-ownership is published in the Land Register of Quebec, the co-owners as one body constitute a “syndicate of co-owners”. This legal person must ensure the "preservation of the immovable and manage the common portions." To form this co-ownership several steps involving many protagonists are necessary.
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By purchasing a condo (apartment) in a residential tower, you automatically become an owner in a vertical co-ownership. You can also be in a divided co-ownership, if you purchase a house (semi-detached or townhouse), built on the same lot than other individual homes.  It is then called a horizontal co-ownership.
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The law provides that a syndicate must keep a register at the disposal of the co-owners. The majority of  declarations of co-ownership detail the items  it contains. This register is the memory of the syndicate, and consequently, its archives. In is thus invaluable. Much more than a witness to the sound management of an immovable, it is its prime instrument. Therefore, preservation and access are the hallmarks of this register.
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