Definition : Certificate of location - Global certificate of location

A certificate of location showing the location of the entire immovable (concerning the private portions and common portions).

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  From the first day of existence of the co-ownership, that is to say when its declaration of co-ownership is published in the Land Register of Quebec, the co-owners as one body constitute a “syndicate of co-owners”. This legal person must ensure the "preservation of the immovable and manage the common portions." To form this co-ownership several steps involving many protagonists are necessary.
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Section 1719 of the Civil code of Québec states that the seller must provide the buyer with a copy of the deed of purchase, as well as with a copy of the owner history and of the certificate of location he has on hand. Prepared by a land surveyor, the certificate of location is part of the property titles the seller must supply.  In the interest of the buyer, the certificate of location should clearly describe the current condition of all private portions (for instance, an apartment, a parking or storage space, or even land). Should the seller not have a certificate of location on hand (and unless the promise to purchase states otherwise), they will need to have one prepared, at their own expense. 
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November 11th, 2010 – Obtaining a certificate of location is essential in a real-estate transaction. It contains a plan showing the location of the building on the lot and a report certifying, amongst other matters, the conformity of the immovable to the laws and applicable regulations.
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