- Defect : Faulty design
Definition : Defect - Faulty design
Serious defect, affecting the quality of construction, which causes a degradation of the building which renders it unfit for the use for which it was intended, thereby potentially putting at risk, in totality or in part, its integrity (such as its soundness, stability or water tightness) This type of defect may engage the legal liability of the architect or the engineer who has committed a fault in the expert opinions or the plans he may have supplied. It may also cause the application of contractual guarantees, including those of a guarantee plan.
September 21, 2016 – on August 19, 2016, an interesting decision has been rendered by the Court of Québec (Honorable Pierre A. Gagnon, j.c.q.). It retains the liability of a contractor holding of a license from the Régie du bâtiment du Québec(Quebec Building Board) and operating since 1998, and condemned him to pay damages including damages to compensate the moral prejudice suffered by his clients, based on Charter of human rights and freedoms. Here are the facts.
La loi a prévu des dispositions législatives à l’attention des syndicats de copropriétaires, afin qu’ils soient protégés en cas de travaux mal faits (article 1081 du Code civil du Québec). Le législateur vise à pallier les désordres susceptibles d’apparaitre à l’issue d’un chantier. Lorsque des travaux sont réalisés dans les parties communes, le syndicat bénéficie de plusieurs garanties légales. On compte, parmi celles-ci, la garantie pour malfaçons, pour vices cachés et pour la perte de l’ouvrage. Tous ces droits valent leur pesant d’or, étant donné que bien souvent, le coût des travaux à faire dans une copropriété est très élevé.
I am the co-owner of a new condo. Other owners and I have recently discovered cracks in the foundation of the building, as well as water infiltration in the garage. The promoter is mute, and we have not yet transferred the administration.
Question: Should we refuse to elect our first Board of Directors, until the issues identified have been corrected? And should I sell immediately before other major problems arise?
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Just like any other natural or legal person, a syndicate of co-ownership may be held civilly liable towards third parties, including co-owners.
En vertu de l’article 1077 du Code civil du Québec (C.c.Q.), « le syndicat est responsable des dommages causés aux copropriétaires ou aux tiers par le vice de conception ou de construction ou le défaut d’entretien des parties communes, sans préjudice de toute action récursoire ».
The duties and obligations of a syndicate are determined by law and the declaration of co-ownership. However, it is essential to fully understand those duties and obligations as their non-compliance towards a co-owner or another person could engage the civil responsibility of a syndicate.
Those duties and obligations are mainly aimed to ensure the preservation of the immovable, the administration of the common portions and the protection of the rights affecting the immovable or co-ownership, as well as all operations in the common interest.