- Demand letter : Demand letter
Definition : Demand letter
An action by which a person (the creditor) formally requests another (the debtor) to do or not to do something (to pay common expenses, to abide to the declaration of co-ownership, to suspend construction work irregularly undertaken, etc.) under certain terms and conditions and in a certain period of time. It is intended to incite the debtor to comply with its obligations to prevent the creditor from making an application to the court in this respect. In some cases, the formal notice of default is a preliminary and compulsory step to filing legal proceedings (recourse for latent defects or against a municipality for property damage).
The declaration of co-ownership is a contract that orchestrates and regulates the lives of co-owners, lessees and other occupants of the immovable. It represents the guideline for everyone who lives in the immovable.The declaration of co-ownership provides, systematically, that it is up to the board of directors to have its content abided to. However, it happens that people break the rules, in particular by a non-compliant use of a private portion with regard to the destination of the immovable, a noise nuisance and work carried out in violation of the by the laws of the immovable. Other examples illustrate the problems that can occur in the co-ownership, such as an encroachment on a common portion or the improper installation of a floor covering. Anyone who does not abide to the declaration of co-ownership is liable, inter alia, to a legal recourse based on article 1080 of the Civil Code of Quebec . This action may be brought by a co-owner or the syndicate.
The failure to pay general or special common expenses (condo fees), as well as those relating to the contingency fund, is one of the most contentious co-ownership’s issues. It is the duty of the board of directors of the syndicate of co-owners to collect them, unless this task has been delegated to the condo manager.
When a co-owner's contributions have been in arrears for more than three months, the law provides, ex officio, that he automatically loses his right to vote at the general meetings of the co-owners. He is also exposed to legal recourses, so that the syndicate can recover the amounts owing. A review of the options in such cases.
The manager bound to a syndicate by a contract for services does not have the same relationship with his client as the one who has the status of a salaried employee. That being said, regardless of the nature of the relationship between the parties, it is advisable to specify the contract’s terms and conditions, including its obligations and its possible renewal. This will prevent misunderstandings and possible litigation.
Terminating the contractual relationship between the manager and the syndicate of co-owners requires, at all times, an evaluation of the legal and contractual parameters. A review of the various scenarios illustrating the expiration or resiliation of a contract for services.
Usually declarations of co-ownership list the patrimony of the syndicate of co-owners. Among the items owned by the syndicate is the register of co-ownership. It contains all the syndicate's archives, such as the declaration of co-ownership, the up-to-date list of co-owners and tenants of the immovable and the minutes of the co-owners meetings and the board of directors meetings, enabling it to carry out its mission adequately. The co-owners must have access to this register, which can be entrusted to a director or a condo manager.
La loi a prévu des dispositions législatives à l’attention des syndicats de copropriétaires, afin qu’ils soient protégés en cas de travaux mal faits (article 1081 du Code civil du Québec). Le législateur vise à pallier les désordres susceptibles d’apparaitre à l’issue d’un chantier. Lorsque des travaux sont réalisés dans les parties communes, le syndicat bénéficie de plusieurs garanties légales. On compte, parmi celles-ci, la garantie pour malfaçons, pour vices cachés et pour la perte de l’ouvrage. Tous ces droits valent leur pesant d’or, étant donné que bien souvent, le coût des travaux à faire dans une copropriété est très élevé.
L’article 1726 alinéa 1 du Code civil du Québec (C.c.Q.) prévoit que « le vendeur est tenu de garantir à l’acheteur que le bien et ses accessoires sont, lors de la vente, exempts de vices cachés qui le rendent impropre à l’usage auquel on le destine ou qui diminuent tellement son utilité que l’acheteur ne l’aurait pas acheté, ou n’aurait pas donné si haut prix, s’il les avait connus ». En d’autres termes, le vice caché empêche l’acheteur de jouir, comme il était en droit de s’y attendre, du bien vendu et de ses accessoires.