- Disorders : Abnormal neighborhood annoyances
Definition : Disorders - Abnormal neighborhood annoyances
Abnormal or excessive annoyances that exceed the limits of what neighbors may be required to tolerate (noises, smells, dust, smoke, etc.). In such matters, the Civil Code of Québec states that each co-owner has free use and enjoyment of his private portion and of the common portions, provided he complies with the by-laws of the immovable and does not impair the rights of the other co-owners. This is why the by-laws of the immovable usually contain clauses sanctioning abnormal neighborhood annoyances. Victims of neighborhood annoyances may apply to the court for an injunction order or damages and interests against the culprit, when the annoyance is continuous or repetitive and the inconvenience is real and serious.
Parmi les attributs du droit de propriété figure l’usus, soit le droit d’utiliser son bien. Mais ce droit s’exerce dans une certaine limite que la loi impose. Le droit de jouissance d'une partie privative ne doit pas ainsi nuire aux autres. Il est ici question des troubles anormaux de voisinage: assurer la quiétude et la tranquillité des copropriétaires nécessite parfois de rappeler certains copropriétaires à leurs obligations quant à la jouissance raisonnable de leur unité d’habitation.
February 27, 2017 - Noise is a common nuisance in co-ownership. It is an extremely sensitive issue, to the extent that many declarations of co-ownership provide stringent by-laws in this area, particularly within multi-floor buildings.
Managing noise issues is a necessity for any Board of Directors and co-owner. This task is however difficult, since what constitutes a nuisance is both objective and subjective. With this in mind, to eradicate harmful noise, the first step is to find its source. We have identified three major causes.
The Law grants to purchasers the right of obtaining the most truthful and complete information possible on the nature and exact characteristics of the property being sold.
This obligation encompasses all the critical and relevant information concerning the immovable and the co-ownership. The information to be provided shall cover the private portion and the common portions of the building. You should act with the utmost care to ask for and obtain the required information to allow you to avoid disputes with your vendor (developer or builder).
An apartment held in divided co-ownership caught your attention. You seriously consider buying it, but before making a commitment, you would like more information about the neighborhood. To obtain additional information to that supplied by the co-owner seller, it will often be necessary to conduct your own survey. This is important on account of the possibility of abnormal neighborhood annoyances caused by noise, odors and smoke, the main cause of co-owners’ conflicts.
Mon voisin de pallier vit seul dans son condo. Il souffre de délire paranoïaque et, chaque nuit, frappe dans le mur avec un marteau ou un bâton, prétendant que j’opère une imprimerie dans mon unité. Il dit qu’il sent des vibrations en provenance de mon appartement. Je lui ai déjà permis de venir constater que je n’opère pas une telle entreprise et, bien qu’il n’ait rien trouvé, il continue son manège et ses accusations. J’ai aussi appelé les policiers, qui sont allés chez lui et ont constaté qu’il n’y avait aucune vibration provenant de mon appartement, mais rien ne le fait changer d’idée. Que puis-je faire?
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The co-owner of the apartment below ours uses the barbecue on his balcony almost daily. The smoke and smell of grilled meat are so strong that I no longer wish to use my balcony. These fumes force me to keep my patio door and my windows closed.
Question: Are there legal provisions to assert my rights?
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