Definition : Immovable hypothec (conventional) - Hypothecary creditor

Natural or legal person holding a hypothec on a fraction of co-ownership. In relation to the syndicate of co-owners, a hypothecary creditor is an interested party when the decision is taken to terminate the co-ownership. Indeed, this decision of the general meeting of co-owners must be supported by the written consent of all persons holding hypothecs on all or a portion of the immovable.

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  The divided co-ownership of an immovable is not necessarily destined to last forever. The termination of the co-ownership, and by the same token the dissolution and liquidation of the syndicate, is a question that will eventually arise for some co-ownerships. Furthermore, its termination is governed by articles 1108 and 1109 of the Civil Code of Québec, which refer to the rules applicable to legal persons concerning their liquidation.
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The Law and the overwhelming majority of declarations of co-ownership require that syndicates of co-owners insure their building. This may seem surprising at first glance as the syndicate does not own the private portions nor the common portions. However, its main object is to ensure the preservation and the longevity of the building and to manage and administer it diligently following rules of the trade. This is why the legislator has given to the syndicate an insurable interest and has made it compulsory that it subscribe building insurance.  
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