Definition : Notary

A professional , member of the “Chambre des notaires du Québec” (Québec Chamber of Notaries), that a person may consult to obtain legal advice. He is also a public officer. As such, the notary has without limitation the mission of executing deeds to which the parties wish or are required to endow with authenticity (such as  a declaration of co-ownership).

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Building a condominium requires major investments on the part of a developer. This is the reason why a down payment will be required upon signing the preliminary contract for the desired condo unit. This down payment, which represents the first installment to the seller, varies according to the unit’s total price.  
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The intervention of the notary is very important when purchasing an apartment in a divided co-ownership. A professional, member of the “Chambre des notaires du Québec” (Québec Chamber of Notaries), he is also a public officer. As such, the notary has without limitation the mission of executing deeds to which the parties wish or are required to endow with authenticity (such as  a declaration of co-ownership). Even though it is preferable that he should get involved at the outset of a transaction, this legal adviser usually gets involved  after the signing of the offer to purchase or of the preliminary contract. The notary, in his capacity of public officer: Warrants the validity of the deed of sale; Is bound to act objectively and to give legal advice to all the parties (equally to the purchaser and the vendor); Is bound to a duty of information to the parties, which means he should give the parties relevant advice and information in relation with the deeds signed before him.
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 Question: Est-ce que je suis obligé d'utiliser les services du notaire désigné par le promoteur alors que c’est moi qui le paie? Quelles sont les règles qui s'appliquent en la matière : qui choisit le notaire instrumentant la vente? Est-ce le vendeur? Est-ce l'acheteur? Doit-on s'entendre tous les deux sur un nom?
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