Definition : Abuse of right

Excessive use of a right, resulting in the infringement of the rights of others, while disregarding the requirements of good faith.

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Co-owners (or a director) can now take legal proceedings to oppose decisions taken by the ​Board of directors. Article 1086.2 of the Civil Code of Quebec, which came into force on January 10, 2020, allows the court to set aside or, exceptionally, to correct a decision of the board of directors. The proceedings must be initiated within 90 days of the decision of the board of directors. In order to promote stability of the Board’s decisions, the legislator allows to bring such recourses only in certain circumstances  
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  The co-owners have a legal proceeding when they oppose decisions taken by the general meeting of co-owners. They generally seek to contest decisions they consider unjustified. In order to promote the stability of the decisions made at the general meeting, the legislator allows such recourse only in certain circumstances. Thus, Article 1103 of the Civil Code of Québec provides that any co-owner may apply to the court to annul or, exceptionally, to amend a decision of the general meeting if the decision is biased, if it was taken with the intent to injure the co-owners or in contempt of their rights, or if an error was made in counting the votes.   
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6 avril 2020- Dans leurs relations avec les copropriétaires, les membres du conseil d’administration doivent agir avec loyauté et équité. Ils doivent s’abstenir de tout geste qui pourrait s’apparenter à un règlement de comptes.
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12 octobre 2019 — « La maison d’un homme est son château », dit un vieil adage. Mais lorsque ce château est un appartement détenu en copropriété divise, son propriétaire devrait savoir que les droits collectifs ont préséance sur ses droits individuels. Cela est d’autant plus vrai lorsqu’un conseil d’administration doit prendre d’importantes décisions. Malheureusement, certains copropriétaires n’ont pas en tête cette notion.
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9 avril 2019 — Les frais de condo en souffrance peuvent entraîner un imbroglio juridique duquel personne ne ressort gagnant. C’est ce qui est arrivé à un couple de copropriétaires qui, après avoir fait défaut de payer ses frais de condo, a dû faire face à la publication, par son syndicat de copropriétaires, d’une hypothèque légale contre l’unité qu’il a achetée en 2013. Il en a résulté un procès opposant les deux parties.
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  I live in a co-ownership where there are a few smokers, one of which is located directly below me. His smoke migrates into my apartment. I am worried of its effects on my health in the medium and long terms, as well as that of my spouse and those of my two children. Question: Can our syndicate compel these smokers to install an air freshener in their apartment?
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The civil liability of a director for the tasks incumbent upon him is largely unrecognised. It should be noted that failure to act with prudence, diligence, honesty and loyalty in the performance of his duties may engage his personal liability. A director must always keep in mind the interest of the co-owners' community. Thousands of Quebecers who sit on an annual basis on a Board of Directors, such as yourself perhaps, are unaware of this reality.
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