Definition : Bailiff's ascertainment

Written declaration by which a bailiff proceeds, at the request of a judge or a natural or legal person, to strictly material observations.The bailiff cannot give an opinion in his report (ascertainment), both in relation to the facts he observed or the legal consequences therefrom. The Bailiff’s ascertainment has high probative force before the courts.

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The declaration of co-ownership is a contract that orchestrates and regulates the lives of co-owners, lessees and other occupants of the immovable. It represents the guideline for everyone who lives in the immovable.The declaration of co-ownership provides, systematically, that it is up to the board of directors to have its content abided to. However, it happens that people break the rules, in particular by a non-compliant use of a private portion with regard to the destination of the immovable, a noise nuisance and work carried out in violation of the by the laws of the immovable. Other examples illustrate the problems that can occur in the co-ownership, such as an encroachment on a common portion or the improper installation of a floor covering. Anyone who does not abide to the declaration of co-ownership is liable, inter alia, to a legal recourse based on article 1080 of the Civil Code of Quebec . This action may be brought by a co-owner or the syndicate.
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In principle, co-owners have the right to enjoy their private portion as they see fit. This use nevertheless has limits, namely that the right of enjoyment must not exceed normal neighborhood inconveniences. If the nuisance caused by an occupant of the immovable becomes excessive, it constitutes an abnormal neighborhood disturbance. This is the case in the event of non-compliance with clauses relating to the peaceful enjoyment of private portions, stipulated in the by-laws of the immovable. However, an abnormal neighborhood disturbance does not systematically constitute a violation of the declaration of co-ownership, as in some circumstances, this type of nuisance can be sanctioned, even if the perpetrator has not committed any fault.
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Le phénomène AirBnB prend de l’ampleur au Québec. Cette plateforme peut faciliter la location à court terme d’unité de condominium. Toutefois, certaines déclarations de copropriété interdisent formellement ce type de location. Mais certains copropriétaires contreviennent consciemment ou non aux dispositions desdites déclarations de copropriété. Combien de fois les administrateurs ou gérants entendent « je suis chez nous et je fais ce que je veux ».
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2 août 2010- Si l’huissier de justice ne peut qu’effectuer des constatations purement matérielles, exclusives de tout avis sur les conséquences de fait ou de droit qui peuvent en résulter, son constat ne doit pas apparaître aux yeux de certains comme une restriction. En effet, la définition du rôle de l’huissier constitue au contraire la force de son constat.
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  I am constantly disturbed by noise in my condo, because its soundproofing is deficient. The co-owners living upstairs aggravate me, because of constant barking and loud music. My next door neighbour has the same problem with her neighbors above, who have recently installed hardwood floors! Question: What are our recourses to remedy this problem?  
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