A charge imposed on an immovable, the servient land, in favour of one or more named persons. It is for a limited term, as it will be extinguished when the stipulated term expires (for example, a servitude may be exercised for a maximum period of ten years) or, ultimately and in the absence of expressed wording, when the person who benefits from it dies. Incidentally, there is thus an absence of dominant land. This charge compels the owner of the servient land to tolerate certain uses or to abstain himself from exercising certain rights inherent to property.
The declarations of co-ownership sometimes provide for personal servitudes, for example a servitude of construction which allows the developer of a real-estate project to access the private or common portions of the immovable for the purpose of completing its construction and its layout, and which compels the co-owners to tolerate the inconveniences resulting from such work.