Definition : Publication

Operation of publicizing a deed related to an immovable (e.g. a deed of sale, a deed of hypothecary loan and an indivision agreement). The publication of a deed in the Quebec Land Registry is intended to make it opposable against third parties. Sometimes, it is also constitutive of right: for example, the Civil Code of Quebec provides that as soon as the declaration of co-ownership is published, the community of co-owners of an immovable constitutes a syndicate.

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  The declaration of co-ownership is a convention that organizes and regulates the collective life of the co-owners and occupants of the building. This Convention defines in particular their rights and obligations. It is usually developed unilaterally by the developer or owner of the building. Legally, the declaration of co-ownership is a real contract of adhesion, because any new co-owner is obliged to adhere to it. This is a key legal document. Its publication gives rise to the co-ownership and the syndicate. Look at the different aspects of the declaration of co-ownership.  
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  From the first day of existence of the co-ownership, that is to say when its declaration of co-ownership is published in the Land Register of Quebec, the co-owners as one body constitute a “syndicate of co-owners”. This legal person must ensure the "preservation of the immovable and manage the common portions." To form this co-ownership several steps involving many protagonists are necessary.
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