Definition : Syndicate of co-owners

A legal person constituted of all the co-owners (the collectivity of the co-owner) and governed by the Civil Code of Quebec. The syndicate of co-owners has for object the preservation of the immovable, the maintenance and administration of the common portions and the protection of the rights appurtenant to the immovable or the co-ownership, as well as all business in the common interest.

Related articles


  From the first day of existence of the co-ownership, that is to say when its declaration of co-ownership is published in the Land Register of Quebec, the co-owners as one body constitute a “syndicate of co-owners”. This legal person must ensure the "preservation of the immovable and manage the common portions." To form this co-ownership several steps involving many protagonists are necessary.
View more
The Civil Code of Québec grants the syndicate of co-owners extensive powers to administer the co-ownership. These powers are established on the basis of the collective interests of the immovable.They are based on four principles: the preservation of the immovable, the administration of the common portions, the protection of the collective rights and the amendments to the declaration of co-ownership.
View more
The tax status of a syndicate of co-ownership Although governed by specific rules set out in Article 1039 of the Civil Code of Québec, a co-ownership syndicate is considered by the tax authorities of Quebec and Canada respectively as: An enterprise under the Taxation Act; A corporation with the status of a non-profit organization under the Income Tax Act  
View more
Just like any other natural or legal person, a syndicate of co-ownership may be held civilly liable towards third parties, including co-owners.
View more
The duties and obligations of a syndicate are determined by law and the declaration of co-ownership. However, it is essential to fully understand those duties and obligations as their non-compliance towards a co-owner or another person could engage the civil responsibility of a syndicate. Those duties and obligations are mainly aimed to ensure the preservation of the immovable, the administration of the common portions and the protection of the rights affecting the immovable or co-ownership, as well as all operations in the common interest.
View more
The Civil Code of Quebec (C.c.Q.) provides that upon the publication of the declaration of co-ownership, the community of co-owners of an immovable constitutes a syndicate.This is necessary to reconcile the rights of each co-owner with the destination of the immovable. The syndicate acts as a legal person regrouping all the co-owners of the immovable.
View more