Work that goes beyond the mere restoration of the common portions of the immovable. It provides the immovable with a benefit that it did not previously enjoy. This is the case, for example, with work intended to modernize the immovable and providing it with elements of additional comfort. This work must:
Il s’agit d’une question qui est souvent posée par la Cour lorsqu’un copropriétaire poursuit son vendeur pour des vices affectant les parties communes. En fait, le copropriétaire réclame alors de son vendeur le remboursement des cotisations spéciales qu’il a payées au syndicat pour qu’il exécute les travaux correctifs aux parties communes.
As a general rule, the syndicate of co-owners decides upon and carries out the work to be done in common portions. It acts through its two bodies, the board of directors and the general meeting of the co-owners. However, certain work must be decided upon by the co-owners convened at an annual general meeting, or at a special general meeting. The majorities to be obtained in a vote will not necessarily be the same, depending on the type of work.
The resolutions of the General Meeting of the co-owners are adopted or rejected, as the case may be, if a majority is reached or not. Depending on the repercussions such resolutions may have on the co-ownership, the majority required will be more or less difficult to achieve. The General Meeting of the co-owners adjudicates at two different majority levels: absolute majority and double majorities (enhanced majorities).