The co-owners who do not respect the By-laws of the immovable (Declaration of Co-Ownership) are plentiful. Their offences may include nighttime disturbances (abnormal neighbourhood disturbance), noisy animals or non-compliance with parking regulations. Such behaviour can cause serious prejudice to certain co-owners or to the syndicate.
In such a situation, it is up to the Board of Directors to act, by enforcing the regulations set out in the Declaration of Co-Ownership. As soon as a breach is noted or brought to its attention, the Board of Directors must intervene to put an end to delinquent behaviour. The co-owners concerned should therefore not hesitate to turn to their syndicate, in this case the directors, for the implementation of various measures aimed at sanctioning any person at fault.
In compliance with its legal obligations to preserve the building, a syndicate of co-owners is frequently called upon to retain the services of contractors over the years to carry out, among other things, conversion work in the common portions. In this regard, the directors forming the board of directors of the syndicate have the obligation to act with prudence, honesty and loyalty and in the interest of the community of co-owners, in accordance with Article 322 of the Civil Code of Québec, when awarding a construction contract to one or more contractors.
With this in mind, can directors contract with a contractor who offers the syndicate a competitive price in return for a cash payment "under the table", i.e., without paying or remitting the taxes usually payable?
Afflicted with a health issue, you want to move to an apartment closer to your daughter, which is fitting, given that a unit in her condo building is for sale. However, this unit is rented. During a visit to the premises, the tenant informs you that he has no intention of leaving, claiming a right to stay there for life. At least, for as long as he wants to.
On the other hand, the seller tells you that the tenant will have to leave the unit upon receiving a notice of repossession. Intrigued by the tenant's statement, you take time to interview several people to verify this "lease for a lifetime" matter. The answers provided reassure you: if it is sent six months before the planned repossession date, the notice of repossession should allow you to take back the apartment.
April 17th, 2020- Co-ownership law is in full swing and is currently undergoing major reform. But what about the tacit amendments to the Declaration of Co-Ownership and the building regulations? For example, if a co-owner has been using unused space in the garage for more than ten years to store their personal property, do they have the right to use it indefinitely? Will the person eventually buying this unit also be able to use this space to store their property?
March 17, 2020 — Several syndicates of co-owners are wondering how to react to the coronavirus so that their day-to-day business could continue. Even if the contagion risks impose temporary isolation measures on Quebecers, co-owners should not imagine that time has stood still.
Condominiums must continue to function as adequately as possible, especially financially, in order to ensure their longevity. In this newsletter, Condolegal.com suggests some legal opinions formulated by Michel Paradis, Partner at Therrien Couture Joli-Coeur and me. This will allow you, in this time of crisis, to better understand how the day-to-day affairs of a co-ownership work.
September 3, 2019 - Many syndicates believe entrusting the management of a co-ownership to a volunteer co-owner is the ideal scenario. He is unpaid and lives in the building, which will make it easier for him to solve problems. But in reality, those who take the time to evaluate the pros and cons of the services of a condo manager often discover that his presence could allow a competent administration and generate savings.
The condo manager is a one-man or one-woman orchestra but is also the unfailing ally of the syndicate of co-owners. Directors who do not have the expertise to properly manage their building should, perhaps, consider using his services. This will prevent the risk of potentially costly errors. Sound building management is essential to avoid slippages that can cause considerable damage to a collectivity of co-owners.
Every January or February, the manager, the accountant or the administrator of the co-ownership syndicate must complete, at the request of the co-owners concerned, the form TPZ-1029.MD.5-V for the tax credit for home support services for seniors. Completing this form requires an analysis of the accounting books to use only eligible expenses. This work can take a lot of time, depending on the volume of transactions of the condominium. It is tempting to charge the co-owner requesting this form a fair amount of professional fees for the production of the said document. Especially that in condominiums, the trend is according to the user-pays principle. Can we do it?
The statement of financial position, also known as the balance sheet, lists the assets, liabilities and net assets of the co-ownership syndicate at a specific time. It is a picture of the financial situation at a given date compared to other statements that usually cover a full fiscal year.
The statement of financial position shows assets on one hand and liabilities and net assets on the other. Assets are always equal to liabilities plus net assets. Everyone knows the famous quote "nothing is lost, nothing is created, everything is transformed". This principle is reflected in accounting. The statement of financial position is always balanced since the asset is financed either by the creditors (liabilities) or by the co-owners (the net assets).
February 16, 2017- It is sometimes difficult for co-owners to figure out, at the organizational stage of their syndicate, their rights and obligations .The function of director is often complex, but it is even more so when the first directors replace the provisional director of the syndicate, in essence the representative of the developer.