It is indeed a rare occurrence when a buyer pays its condo, in one single payment. Most of them must obtain a mortgage loan to finance their purchase. What are the criteria and conditions to get a mortgage loan? Whom should you get it from? Banks, credit unions or other sources? What are the policies of the major financial institutions in this market? What are the limitations when planning the financing of your new property?
The final step in the purchase of your apartment is the signing of the deed of sale. As soon as all the prior conditions of the sale are satisfied, the vendor must transfer the property upon the payment of the price.
Section 1719 of the Civil code of Québec states that the seller must provide the buyer with a copy of the deed of purchase, as well as with a copy of the owner history and of the certificate of location he has on hand. Prepared by a land surveyor, the certificate of location is part of the property titles the seller must supply.
In the interest of the buyer, the certificate of location should clearly describe the current condition of all private portions (for instance, an apartment, a parking or storage space, or even land). Should the seller not have a certificate of location on hand (and unless the promise to purchase states otherwise), they will need to have one prepared, at their own expense.
Before purchasing the apartment of your dreams, find out the status of the expenses (condo fees) of the apartment owing by the vendor, as you will have to pay the arrears once you become the owner of the apartment.
The Act respecting duties on transfers on immovables obliges local municipalities to collect a duty on the transfer of any immovable situated on their territory. Taxable to the purchaser, this right is called "welcome tax" not to qualify a sign of hospitality but in memory, perhaps a little in derision, of the minister of municipal affairs at the time, Jean Bienvenue. It is a significant source of revenue for municipalities. As a general rule, the duties on transfer of immovables tax account will be sent to you a few weeks after your acquisition. You will then have thirty (30) days to pay it.
Before acquiring a property, it would therefore be wise to provide for the payment of this right, in your budget in the same way as notary and real estate brokerage fees. Must appear at any request for registration of a transfer in the land register, the amount payable is generally provided for in the deed of sale. It should be noted, however, that the treasurer of the municipality has the power to revise the amount payable if he considers that it has been incorrectly calculated. This situation frequently occurs, in the context of the purchase of a new property for which the assessment roll does not yet include any entry of value, an information necessary for the calculation of the right. Keeping the roll up to date will then allow the treasurer to calculate the transfer duty in accordance with the Act.
Seeking the services of a real-estate broker, who was formerly referred to as a real estate agent, is not mandatory.
However, unless you are able to assume the purchase and / or sale of a fraction of a building held in divided co-ownership by yourself, which will require ample time as well as in-depth knowledge in various fields, you would benefit from being accompanied by a competent real estate broker during your procedures. When you use the services of a real estate broker to buy, sell or lease a property, you are protected by the Real-Estate Brokerage Act.
Since May 1, 2020, mortgage brokerage has been a discipline covered by the Act respecting the distribution of financial products and services and subject to the regulation of the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (Financial Markets Authority) to ensure the protection of the public. Not only must every mortgage broker have professional liability insurance, they must respect the rules of ethics applicable to mortgage brokers.
Its role is to advise you, whether you are a buyer or owner, about the best mortgage products available on the market. He will do it better than anyone, because this task is not simple. It involves careful and methodical research, so that the winning conditions are met, and you can make the most of them.
The notary is a jurist with the task of public officer, who ascertains the free and informed consent of the parties. The notary also has the role of legal adviser. It therefore protects consent. The intervention of the notary is very important when purchasing an apartment in a divided co-ownership. A professional, he is a member of the “Chambre des notaires du Québec” (Québec Chamber of Notaries). In this capacity, the notary's mission is to receive, on behalf of his clients, the acts to which the parties must or want to have given the character of authenticity (such as a declaration of co-ownership). Even though it is preferable that he should get involved at the outset of a transaction, this legal adviser usually gets involved after the signing of the offer to purchase or of the preliminary contract.
When you buy in a newly built divided co-ownership, a portion of the fractions of the building (apartment, parking or storage space, etc.), or even all, can be the subject of a notice of legal hypothec of construction. The Civil Code of Quebec introduced this hypothec in order to protect the persons who participated in its construction or renovation (architect, engineer, supplier of materials, workman, contractor or subcontractor) so that they can be reimbursed for work and services carried out on an immovable.
As a buyer, will you be required to pay the developer's debts if it defaults on its construction creditors? If so, will the amounts claimed be distributed among all co-owners? And what will happen if they refuse to pay?