Definition : Common portion - Deed of sale

Contract by which the syndicate of co-owners (seller) transfers the ownership of a common portion to another person (purchaser) in return for a price paid in cash that the latter undertakes to pay. The sale can only affect one element of the common portions  (for example: a part of the back yard of the immovable) because without common portions, a divided co-ownership cannot exist. In addition, such a sale usually involves the creation of one or more new lots, so that the element sold is individualized. Such alienation must be approved by the meeting of the co-owners, by an enhanced majority, in the case of a simple deed of alienation or, by a double majority, in the case of an alienation of common portions whose preservation is necessary to maintain the destination of the immovable. 

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Question: During our last general meeting of co-owners, the president of the board of directors suggested to sell a parcel of land located in the backyard of our immovable. According to him, the amount that we could receive would allow to replenish the contingency fund. Can you tell me if that is possible? If this is the case, I would like to know who has the authority to make this decision.
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The rules for voting in meeting of co-owners vary depending on the importance of the decision to be made. They require a complex calculations in order to determine whether a the required majority has been reached. To do so, you must make sure that the register of co-owners is up to date, and that the compilation of votes is done according to the relative value specific to each fraction. This reduces the risk of contestation of an adopted resolution. That said, some decisions have extremely important consequences for all co-owners so the requirements in terms of majorities are then higher. For this reason, the law essentially imposes four levels of majority: absolute, enhanced, double.  
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