Definition : Contingency fund - Separate bank account

An account opened by a financial institution in the syndicate’s name  to deposit the co-owners contributions  to the contingency fund . This distinct account should be set up to avoid intermingling the amounts deposited to the general operation fund (for day-to-day operations) with those deposited into the contingency fund and  into the self-insurance fund.  

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At our last annual co-owner's meeting, the board of directors informed us that it was going to take $10,000 from our contingency fund to set up a self-insurance fund. To justify their decision, the directors said that this will allow to avoid putting up a special assessment. Several co-owners seemed to agree. Question: Can the board unilaterally decide to use part of the sums accumulated in the contingency fund to set up a self-insurance fund without consulting or obtaining the approval of the co-owners? And if so is this a good way to manage the funds of our co-ownership?
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The Contingency Fund is to be used strictly for major repairs and replacements of common portions. It should not be used to fund their maintenance.
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In the case of contingency funds, a syndicate of co-owners must have guidelines for the investment of the sums accumulated in the fund. It must  clearly define the return and risk objectives for a given period while taking into account constraints such as liquidity needs, the legal context and exceptional circumstances. This task is delicate, because a syndicate of co-owners acts asadministratorofthe property of others. That is why  it must submit to restrictive and precautionary rules on placement. The syndicate is thus subject to the rules of presumed safe investments  provided for in articles 1339 to 1344 of the Civil Code of Quebec.
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I am a recent co-owner. The building I live in has 10 units. The contribution to contingency fund is substantial. In fact, it represents 20% of the budget of the co-ownership! That seems excessive. Question: Is there a ceiling to the amounts to be paid in the contingency fund   
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  With the adoption of the Civil Code of Québec in 1994, to fill a void in the Law, the Quebec legislature introduced the obligation upon a syndicate of co-owners to fund a "contingency fund”. Prior to the enactment of the Civil Code, it was a frequent occurrence for co-ownerships to have a "reserve fund", although the Civil Code of Lower Canada was mute on this issue. Most of the time, this fund was inadequate, due to the low level of contributions paid into it.
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