Definition : Legal hypothec - Legal hypothec of construction

A guarantee taken in the 30 days from the “end of the work” by those persons having taken part in the construction or renovation of an immovable (the architect, engineer,  supplier of materials,  workman, and the contractor or sub-contractor) allowing the latter to guarantee the payment of what is owed to them.

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Certains copropriétaires expérimentent l'hypothèque légale de la construction. Elle signifie qu'après avoir acheté l'appartement convoité, ils devront assumer les honoraires des sous-traitants que le constructeur n'a pas payé.
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23 septembre 2019 — Les avis d’hypothèque légale de la construction ont enregistré une hausse de 9 % en 2018. Cette augmentation serait surtout attribuable à une forte activité dans le secteur de la construction. Selon les données de la SCHL, il y avait 10 % plus de propriétés résidentielles en construction en 2018 qu’en 2017, et 33 % plus qu’en 2016.
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The notary is a jurist with the task of public officer, who ascertains the free and informed consent of the parties. The notary also has the role of legal adviser. It therefore protects consent. The intervention of the notary is very important when purchasing an apartment in a divided co-ownership. A professional, he is a member of the “Chambre des notaires du Québec” (Québec Chamber of Notaries). In this capacity, the notary's mission  is to receive, on behalf of his clients, the acts to which the parties must or want to have given the character of authenticity (such as  a declaration of co-ownership). Even though it is preferable that he should get involved at the outset of a transaction, this legal adviser usually gets involved  after the signing of the offer to purchase or of the preliminary contract.  
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When you purchase an apartment in a recently built co-ownership, a portion, if not all the private portions of the immovable, can be encumbered by a prior notice of a legal hypothec in favor of persons having taken part in the construction. As a purchaser, you will be compelled to pay the debts of the developer, if he is in default of paying its construction creditors? If so, how will the amounts claimed be allocated between the co-owners? And what happens if they refuse to pay?
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