Definition : Legal recourse - Vexatious action

Legal proceeding taken in bad faith (e.g. with intent to harm). The action is thus vexatious, when it is without reasonable or probable cause or justification; harassing; annoying; expressed maliciously or on the basis of illegitimate motives; aimed at harassing or upsetting.

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  The co-owners have a legal proceeding when they oppose decisions taken by the meeting of co-owners. They generally seek to contest decisions they consider unjustified. In order to promote the stability of the decisions made at the meeting of co-owners, the legislator allows such recourse only in certain circumstances. Thus, Article 1103 of the Civil Code of Québec provides that any co-owner may apply to the court to annul or, exceptionally, to amend a decision of the general meeting if the decision is biased, if it was taken with the intent to injure the co-owners or in contempt of their rights, or if an error was made in counting the votes.   
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