Lorsqu'un litige survient en copropriété, les copropriétaires doivent bien souvent s’adresser aux tribunaux pour faire valoir leurs droits. Mais une majorité d’entre eux s’abstiennent de le faire, en raison des coûts astronomiques qui y sont associés. La solution à ce problème serait la mise en place, au Québec, d’un tribunal administratif de la copropriété. Sa mission serait comparable à celle du Tribunal administratif du logement (TAL), anciennement appelé Régie du logement.
Yves Joli-Coeur is counsel at Therrien Couture Joli-Coeur. A graduate of the University of Montréal in 1981, he has been a member of the Quebec Bar since 1983. He is also a mediator and arbitrator accredited to the Barreau du Québec, a member of Mediation and Arbitration in co-ownership and one of the founders of the Regroupement des gestionnaires et des copropriétaires du Québec (RGCQ) Since the founding of this organization in 1999, he has acted as Secretary-General.
In 2009, the Barreau du Québec awarded him the honorary distinction of Lawyer Emeritus (Ad. E.) for his great contribution to the profession and to the law of co-ownership. Me Joli-Cœur is indeed one of the pioneers in this field; he has made it his main field of expertise for many years. He advises and represents many co-owners and syndicates of co-ownership in the defense of their rights.
Me Joli-Cœur regularly collaborates with the media, both in terms of print, radio and television. Its interventions pursue the same objective: to raise awareness among the population and decision-makers of the specific characteristics of life in co-ownership.
The declaration of co-ownership is a contract that orchestrates and regulates the lives of co-owners, lessees and other occupants of the immovable. It represents the guideline for everyone who lives in the immovable.The declaration of co-ownership provides, systematically, that it is up to the board of directors to have its content abided to. However, it happens that people break the rules, in particular by a non-compliant use of a private portion with regard to the destination of the immovable, a noise nuisance and work carried out in violation of the by the laws of the immovable. Other examples illustrate the problems that can occur in the co-ownership, such as an encroachment on a common portion or the improper installation of a floor covering. Anyone who does not abide to the declaration of co-ownership is liable, inter alia, to a legal recourse based on article 1080 of the Civil Code of Quebec . This action may be brought by a co-owner or the syndicate.
Co-ownership conflicts often arise from a lack of knowledge of the rules governing the immovable, a lack of communication or transparency, or from an unresolved misunderstanding.
Know that in such cases, a trial is not the only avenue available to you. Before commencing legal proceedings, and even once they are engaged, and even once they are initiated, there is always time to opt for the services of a mediator. The latter, who is a neutral and impartial third party, could help you resolve (without decision-making power) a dispute between a co-owner and the syndicate or members of the board of directors between them.
A pioneering lawyer in the field of divided co-ownership in Quebec, Yves Joli-Coeur is the founder and general secretary of the Regroupement des gestionnaires et copropriétaires du Québec (RGCQ).
In 2009, he received the honorary distinction of Advocatus Emeritus (Ad. E.) for being one of the lawyers who has contributed the most to the reflection in the field of co-ownership law in Quebec.
Since the beginning of his career, he has been involved in important achievements such as the www.condolegal.com website, a tool used for educating the general public of co-ownership law.