Modes of proof by which the parties to the trial can demonstrate the existence of a legal act or a fact. There are four modes of proof: testimony (testimonial evidence), presumption (evidence by clue), confession and material evidence (e.g. a written evidence). These evidences are admissible as long as they comply with the rules set out in the Civil Code of Quebec and in the manner specified by the Code of Civil Procedure (chapter C-25.01) or by other statutes.
The co-owners who do not respect the By-laws of the immovable (Declaration of Co-Ownership) are plentiful. Their offences may include nighttime disturbances (abnormal neighbourhood disturbance), noisy animals or non-compliance with parking regulations. Such behaviour can cause serious prejudice to certain co-owners or to the syndicate.
In such a situation, it is up to the Board of Directors to act, by enforcing the regulations set out in the Declaration of Co-Ownership. As soon as a breach is noted or brought to its attention, the Board of Directors must intervene to put an end to delinquent behaviour. The co-owners concerned should therefore not hesitate to turn to their syndicate, in this case the directors, for the implementation of various measures aimed at sanctioning any person at fault.