Reconstruction of the history of the right of ownership of an immovable by examining, in chronological order (ascending or descending), the property titles appearing in the Québec Land Register and covering a period of 30 or 51 years and sometimes even covering a period beginning with the depositing of the cadastre. The preparation of this chain of titles will therefore list the titles (sales, transfers, declarations of transmission, etc.) for this period in order to determine the owner of the immovable on a given date.
The notary is a jurist with the task of public officer, who ascertains the free and informed consent of the parties. The notary also has the role of legal adviser. It therefore protects consent. The intervention of the notary is very important when purchasing an apartment in a divided co-ownership. A professional, he is a member of the “Chambre des notaires du Québec” (Québec Chamber of Notaries). In this capacity, the notary's mission is to receive, on behalf of his clients, the acts to which the parties must or want to have given the character of authenticity (such as a declaration of co-ownership). Even though it is preferable that he should get involved at the outset of a transaction, this legal adviser usually gets involved after the signing of the offer to purchase or of the preliminary contract.