- Interim director : Interim director
Definition : Interim director
Natural person, usually designated by the developer under the terms of the declaration of co-ownership (by-laws of the immovable), to act as sole director of the syndicate. This person assumes the tasks assigned to the board of directors, generally from the publication of the declaration of co-ownership. This person acts until the election of a new board of directors, which must take place during the special transitional general meeting.
Le promoteur, qui fait bien souvent office d'administrateur transitoire tant qu'il détient la majorité des voix d'une copropriété, devra éventuellement procéder à la passation des pouvoirs vers le futur conseil d'administration. Celui-ci sera élu à l'occasion d'une assemblée extraordinaire, laquelle doit être tenue quand ce même promoteur perd la majorité des voix dans l'immeuble.
Dès la naissance de la copropriété, c'est-à-dire lorsque la déclaration de copropriété est publiée au Registre foncier du Québec, l’équipe Therrien Couture Joli-Coeur offre de prendre en charge toutes les étapes relatives au démarrage du syndicat et à l’organisation complète de la première assemblée des copropriétaires au cours de laquelle on met fin à l’administration transitoire. Notre cabinet peut, dans le cadre de cette prestation de services, guider l'administrateur transitoire et les copropriétaires à travers chacune des étapes du démarrage de votre syndicat de copropriété, et vous donner tous les conseils nécessaires pour assurer un démarrage efficace de la copropriété.
The law regulates the liability of contractors and building professionals for any problem related to the quality of construction work. In this regard, the legislator has provided for a specific protection regime for divided co-ownership. Section 1081 of the Civil Code of Québec recognizes the legal interest of any syndicate of co-owners to assert the rights of all co-owners to correct defects that appear, in the short or long term. This could occur during the initial construction of the building, or during work carried out several years after its erection. In short, when problems affect the common portions, the syndicate benefits from several legal warranties. Among them is the one against latent defects, design or construction defects. These warranties are worth their weight in gold, because very often, the cost of the work to be carried out in a co-ownership can be substantial.
Whether you are a real estate developer (for a new building) or several owners of an existing building who wish to convert it, the rules for subjecting a building to divided co-ownership are the same. The creation of a divided co-ownership is necessary when an immovable must be divided into lots composed of a private portion and a share of the common portions, and which belong to one or more different persons. The community of co-owners acquires the status of legal person from the day a declaration of co-ownership is published at the Land registry office (Land Register). The legal person thus constituted takes the name of “syndicate of co-owners”. Its mission is to ensure the " preservation of the immovable, the maintenance and administration of the common portions, the protection of the rights appurtenant to the immovable or the co-ownership, as well as all business in the common interest ". To form this co-ownership several steps involving many protagonists are necessary.
The presence of a Board of Directors is mandatory in a co-ownership. It is the executive body of the syndicate and its legal representative. Its members act as the mandataries of the syndicate.
When a co-ownership is newly constituted, the declaration of co-ownership generally provides for the appointment of a interim director, who exercises the functions of the Board of Directors until the Meeting of co-owners appoints a new board of directors. Consequently, the obligations related to administration, listed below, apply to this director.
Usually, it is the developer who designates him, in accordance with a provision in the declaration of co-ownership (By-laws of the Immovable). Often he appoints one of his representatives to act as the interim director of the syndicate.
Expenses related to the maintenance and administration of the common portions of a co-ownerships start from its constitution as a legal person. It is therefore necessary that each co-ownership sets up, upon publication of the declaration of co-ownership, a Board of Directors to administer it. To ensure the star up of the syndicate, the developer usually designates in the declaration of co-ownership (by-laws of the immovable), one of its representatives to act as the interim director of the syndicate.
The By-laws of the immovable generally provide all the director’s office specific provisions, including the duration of his term of office. If the By-laws are silent thereon, the legal term of one year will apply, in accordance with section 339 of the Civil Code of Québec, which specifies that “At the expiry of that period, their term continues unless it is revokedˮ. A director usually remains in office until the next annual general meeting of the co-owners, who will proceed to a re-election.
The relevant information of co-ownerships must be declared with the “Registraire des entreprises du Québec” (the Québec Enterprises Registrar). This declaration is intended to render accessible essential information, either to the public or enterprises that deal with the syndicate of co-owners. Furthermore, at the start-up of a syndicate, the Board of Directors must file – usually by the interim director – a declaration of registration in virtue of the Act respecting the legal publicity of enterprises. This must be done at the latest 60 days after the publication of the declaration of co-ownership in the Land Register.