- Quorum : Quorum at the meeting of co-owners
Definition : Quorum - Quorum at the meeting of co-owners
The minimal number of voting co-owners (either in person or through a proxy), representing the number of votes required by the Civil Code Of Quebec, or the declaration of co-ownership, in order for the meeting of the co-owners to legally deliberate and take a decision. Note that a judgment has already admitted that, in a co-ownership with three fractions, the declaration of co-ownership may require a quorum greater than the majority of votes, for the meeting to deliberate validly. However, the quorum for a make-up general meeting is calculated differently, the three quarters of the co-owners, present or represented, at the second general meeting constitute quorum.
It is possible to make a decision without having a meeting. Article 354 of the Civil Code of Québec recognizes the value of a written resolution: "Resolutions in writing signed by all the persons qualified to vote at a meeting are as valid as if passed at a meeting of the board of directors, at a general meeting or at a meeting of any other organ”. Co-owners and directors may make a decision by the means of a resolution in writing, without any general meeting of the board of directors or meeting of co-owners being held as such.
This mechanism is provided by law, when it is not essential for a meeting or a general meeting to be convened, since the salient points of the subject to be discussed have already been dealt with, to everyone’s satisfaction. This is to avoid cumbersome formalism, although written resolutions should be used with caution and parsimony.
Question: Can we provide, in a declaration of co-ownership, that the quorum for a General Meeting of the co-owners requires all owners to be present or represented?
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Whatever the type of building they have chosen, all co-owners, without exception, are called upon to participate in meetings of co-owners. Thus they can vote on the questions on the agenda, and take various decisions necessary for the sound operation of the co-ownership. The co-owners are called upon to meet periodically for questions dealing with current administration, maintenance and operation of the syndicate, and sometimes exceptionally for specific questions required by the circumstances. This factsheet is an overview of the various types of Meetings that may be held in a co-ownership.
In our co-ownership, there is a clear disinterest of the co-owners which results in a very low attendance at the meetings of the co-owners. For a number of years now we have had difficulty reaching the quorum. The situation is difficult because decisions that sometimes happen to be made are not followed.
Question: What is there to do with such disinterest?
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In order for a Meeting of co-owners to deliberate and adopt decisions, the Law provides that the co-owners (present or represented), eligible to vote, must hold the majority of votes. This requirement is called a quorum.It is also necessary that the quorum be maintained for the duration of the meeting. In the event that it cannot be reached or maintained, the Law provides for holding a second Meeting of co-owners (Make-up Meeting) during which the rules for calculating the quorum will be less stringent. An overview of the various requirements to obtain a quorum.
The declaration of co-ownership is a document that encompasses all the rules specific to a syndicate of co-owners, in order to ensure the proper functioning of an immovable and cohesion between its occupants. It also specifies the conditions of use and enjoyment of the common and private portions. Co-ownership living is not static. It is evolutionary and subject to change, which will sooner or later be claimed by co-owners. This evolution will sometimes lead to amendments to the declaration of co-ownership, subject to compliance with the terms and conditions set out in the Act. Thus, any amendment to the declaration of co-ownership is generally the subject of a vote at a meeting of co-owners. The vote to make such an amendment differs according to the nature of the change to be made.