Definition : Real estate tax - Subdivision tax (Parkland tax)

A condition that may be required by a municipality when applying for a subdivision permit for an immovable. It is constituted either by the transfer of land or the payment of an amount representing at most 10% of the value of the subdivided land. It allows the municipality to promote the establishment, maintenance and improvement of parks and playgrounds and the preservation of natural areas.

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The conversion of a immovable to divided co-ownership (condos) is subject to strict formalities and municipal by-laws, which can restrict the conversion or make it subject to certain conditions.. Unfortunately this does not always prove possible, more particularly because of the very high costs such a process implies (such as subdivision taxes known «Parkland taxes»  applicable in certain boroughs of Montreal or other municipalities) and vested rights in favor of tenants.
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Whether you are a real estate developer (for a new building) or several owners of an existing building who wish to convert it, the rules for subjecting a building to divided co-ownership are the same. The creation of a divided co-ownership is necessary when an immovable must be divided into lots composed of a private portion and a share  of the common portions, and which belong to one or more different persons. The community of co-owners acquires the status of legal person from the day a declaration of co-ownership is published at the Land registry office (Land Register). The legal person thus constituted takes the name of “syndicate of co-owners”. Its mission is to ensure the " preservation of the immovable, the maintenance and administration of the common portions, the protection of the rights appurtenant to the immovable or the co-ownership, as well as all business in the common interest ". To form this co-ownership several steps involving many protagonists are necessary.
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