Definition : Cadastre

Public Register of the State, under the responsibility of the Department of Natural Ressources [ministère des Ressources naturelles(MRN)], representing on a plan, prepared by a land surveyor, immovable properties. It thus has for object to establish the partition of the Quebec territory  between each of the properties composing it, by the attribution thereto of a distinct lot number (comprising 7 numbers). Furthermore, the measurements and area of each lot is indicated therein along with their position relative to neibouring properties. This plan is deemed exact and is kept at the Land registry office  for the registration division  in which the immovable concerned by this plan are situated.

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  From the first day of existence of the co-ownership, that is to say when its declaration of co-ownership is published in the Land Register of Quebec, the co-owners as one body constitute a “syndicate of co-owners”. This legal person must ensure the "preservation of the immovable and manage the common portions." To form this co-ownership several steps involving many protagonists are necessary.
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The essence of divided co-ownership (condo) is to divide the building into private portions for the exclusive use of a co-owner, and into common portions for the common use of all the co-owners or of one or more co-owners. Private portions The private portions are the fractions of the immovable in which the co-owners have an exclusive right of property.  They are described in the part of the declaration of co-ownership dedicated to the cadastral description of the fractions.  These portions are physically identifiable.  It can be an apartment, a parking space or a parcel of land in the case of townhouses.  Each private portion has its own cadastral designation.
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