Definition : Cadastre

Public Register of the State, under the responsibility of the Department of Natural Ressources [ministère des Ressources naturelles(MRN)], representing on a plan, prepared by a land surveyor, immovable properties. It thus has for object to establish the partition of the Quebec territory  between each of the properties composing it, by the attribution thereto of a distinct lot number (comprising 7 numbers). Furthermore, the measurements and area of each lot is indicated therein along with their position relative to neibouring properties. This plan is deemed exact and is kept at the Land registry office  for the registration division  in which the immovable concerned by this plan are situated.

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  From the first day of existence of the co-ownership, that is to say when its declaration of co-ownership is published in the Land Register of Quebec, the co-owners as one body constitute a “syndicate of co-owners”. This legal person must ensure the "preservation of the immovable and manage the common portions." To form this co-ownership several steps involving many protagonists are necessary.
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The characteristic of divided co-ownership is to divide the building into various lots that will be the exclusive property of the co-owners (private portions), and for others that will be the property of all the co-owners (common portions). These lots are identified by an individual number, which was assigned during the cadastral operation. Each of the private lots of the co-ownership thus constituted becomes a unique property. The distinction between the common and private portions is essential, particularly from the point of view of maintenance, which is the responsibility of the syndicate of co-owners for the common portions and of the co-owners for the private portions.   
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