Definition : Maintenance logbook

Document prepared by a building professionnal itemizing the technical information related to the maintenance procedure of the common portions and the work carried out in the immovable. It includes the inventory of the immovable components (generally the common portions), along with a maintenance schedule of these components of the work already carried out  or the foreseeable maintenance or replacement work. This document is an integral partof the register of co-ownership and shall be made available to any co-owner upon request.

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW! The maintenance logbook will be mandatory as of the day following the first three years of entry into force of the Government of Québec's regulation on the subject. If it is adopted in 2022 as planned, the documents will therefore be required from 2025.

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The law does not establish an exhaustive list of the duties and obligations that the members of the board of directors must assume. It is the declaration of co-ownership (constituting act of the co-ownership) and certain articles of the Civil Code of Québec which, for the most part, determine them. Furthermore, the administrators are considered to be agents of the syndicate. Directors must therefore act within the limits of the powers conferred on them by law and by the declaration of co-ownership. As such, they are required to act with care, diligence, honesty, loyalty, efficiency, fairness, and in the interest of the union.    
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The occurrence of a disaster is never good news. Significant water damage is likely to cause lasting damage within the building (e.g. fungal developments inside walls and ceilings). There is no miracle solution to avoid water-induced disasters. However, considering their impact on the budget of a co-ownership, prevention measures must be put in place to monitor components and equipment more at risk. To limit the risk of disaster, especially water damage, some good resolutions are to be made on a daily basis.  
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Le carnet d'entretien contient notamment l'historique des travaux réalisés dans un immeuble. Ainsi, les administrateurs nouvellement élus sauront ce que leurs prédécesseurs ont fait.
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L'étude du fonds de prévoyance et le carnet d'entretien deviendront éventuellement obligatoires, en vertu de l'adoption du projet de loi 16, en décembre 2019. Les syndicats de copropriétaires pourront, ainsi, mieux planifier les travaux majeurs à faire dans leur immeuble, ainsi que le remplacement des parties communes.
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Le carnet d'entretien est indispensable pout tout syndicat de copropriétaires, afin d'assurer la pérennité de son patrimoine bâti.
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Every syndicate of co-owners has obligations regarding common portions maintenance. Article 1039 of the Civil Code of Québec provides that "Upon the publication of the declaration of co-ownership, the co-owners as a body constitute a legal person, the objects of which are the preservation of the immovable, the maintenance and administration of the common portions, the protection of the rights appurtenant to the immovable or the co-ownership, as well as all business in the common interest”. However, this section was amended following the adoption of Bill 16. At the end of the first paragraph, referring to the syndicate of co-ownership, it reads the following sentence: "The legal person must, in particular, see to it that the work necessary for the preservation and maintenance of the immovable is carried out."  In the event that the latter fails to maintain and preserve the immovable, the syndicate may incur civil liability. This means that it is bound to have the necessary work carried out to prevent deterioration of the common portions of the immovable. The declaration of co-ownership and other legal provisions impose this obligation.
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Every syndicate of co-owners has obligations regarding common portions maintenance. Article 1039 of the Civil Code of Québec provides that the object of the syndicate is the conservation of the immovable, the maintenance and the administration of the common portions. However, this section was amended following the adoption of Bill 16. At the end of the first paragraph, referring to the syndicate of co-ownership, it reads the following sentence: "The legal person must, in particular, see to it that the work necessary for the preservation and maintenance of the immovable is carried out." This duty to preserve the immovable is exercised in particular by the setting up of a maintenance logbook.
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Le certificat d’état d’immeuble correspond à un « bilan » de l’immeuble : il constate la qualité du bâtiment, à un moment précis. Il comprend l’inventaire des composantes de l’immeuble (espaces extérieurs, bâtiments, logements, équipements, etc.) qui feront l’objet d’une évaluation pour les fins du fonds de prévoyance. Bien il n’y ait pas d’obligation légale à cet effet, ce document devrait être préparé par un technologue professionnel, ingénieur, architecte.
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All co-ownerships have  common portions that need to be maintained. These may include corridors, stairs, gardens and elevators. The syndicate has an obligation to ensure their maintenance, since the declaration of co-ownership generally provides that it is the main person responsible for them. In addition, article 1039 of the Civil Code of Quebec stipulates that the syndicate has the obligation to ensure the preservation of the immovable and, by the same token, the maintenance of common portions. As for the maintenance of common portions for restricted use, for example balconies, it can be entrusted (in part) to the co-owners who have the enjoyment. This reduces the use of external service providers, thereby reducing the amount allocated to common expenses.
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Expenses related to the maintenance and administration of the common portions of a co-ownerships start from its constitution as a legal person. It is therefore necessary that each co-ownership sets up, upon publication of the declaration of co-ownership, a Board of Directors to administer it. This board of directors is the executive body of the syndicate and its legal representative. Its members act as the mandataries of the syndicate. To ensure the star up of the syndicate, the developer usually designates in the declaration of co-ownership (by-laws of the immovable), one of its representatives to act as the interim director of the syndicate. His role is to accompany the co-owners, manage the co-ownership and see to the organization of the special transition meeting to elect the new directors to constitute the board of directors.
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The concept of water damage refers to the damage caused to property by the action of water: it can be a pipe that bursts because of the frost, the drain pipe of the washing machine that breaks or the bathtub that overflows. Often impressive, water damage is probably the most recurrent problem in co-ownership. As proof, over the past ten years, the proportion of this type of loss has more than doubled. They thus represent the first cause of loss. They are also becoming more and more expensive, whether for syndicates or their insurers. In order to manage the consequences of water damage upstream, you will find below sub-sheets dealing with this issue.    
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The law provides that a syndicate must keep a register at the disposal of the co-owners. Article 342 of the Civil Code of Quebec specifies that the board of directors keeps the list of members and the books and registers necessary for the proper functioning of the legal person. This register is the memory of the syndicate, and consequently, its archives. In is thus invaluable. Much more than a mere witness of the sound management of an immovable, it is its prime instrument. Therefore, preservation and access are the hallmarks of this register.  
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  December 14th 2015 - Besides seeing to the respect of the declaration of co-ownership, you as directors of a condominium must ensure the maintenance and conservation of the building. It is your uppermost duty and the majority of your tasks ensue from this fundamental obligation.
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By buying an apartment in a co-ownership, you will most likely invest the largest amount of money of your life. In order to avoid being caught off guard during the steps prior to this acquisition, you will need to be well accompanied. After finding the condo that suits you, the first thing to do is to appreciate the condition, as well as that of the building that houses it. Remember that the acquisition of an apartment is not limited to the purchase of its walls. You become an undivided co-owner of the common portions, for example the entrance hall, the roof, the interior garage, the elevator or the windows of the building. To do things right, you need to seek the services of a building inspector. The latter will examine the unit and building that are of interest to you.
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