Definition : Parking

Location of the building or lot where the co-owners, lessees or occupants of the immovable have the right to park their vehicles. Parking is also composed of access roads. In divided co-ownership, the parking lot is presumed to be a common portion. It is therefore the responsibility of the syndicate of co-owners to ensure its maintenance and preservation. In addition, the parking spaces may be qualified by the declaration of co-ownership as common portions, common portions for restricted use, or private portions, as the case may be.

 WARNING! Under the Building Chapter of the Safety Code, a co-ownership parking lot is subject to maintenance requirements and various verifications to ensure that this component remains safe. In particular, the syndicate must keep a register, carry out inspections and obtain an audit report from an engineer, according to certain terms and periodicities.

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Question: I plan to purchase the exclusive right of enjoyment of a parking space (common portions for restricted use) a few months after purchasing the private part (parking is sold directly by the developer). Do I have to go to the notary to change my deed of purchase to indicate that parking is associated with my private part?
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Qu’ils soient intérieurs ou extérieurs, les stationnements d’une copropriété peuvent être un irritant, advenant que certaines personnes s'y garent au mauvais endroit. Comment gérer ces espaces très fréquentés, et pas toujours par les bonnes personnes? Si la surveillance de ces lieux n’est pas adéquate, ils peuvent devenir une porte d’entrée de choix pour les intrus.
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Most often than not declarations of co-ownership (Constituting Act of co-ownership) designate the legal status of exterior parking spaces as common portions for restricted use. This is also true for indoor parkings, when the developer (declarant) decides that it is not necessary to create a specific lot number for each space. These are therefore an integral part of the lot constituting the common portions of the immovable.  
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The duties and obligations of a syndicate are determined by law and the declaration of co-ownership. However, it is essential to fully understand those duties and obligations as their non-compliance towards a co-owner or another person could engage the civil responsibility of a syndicate. Those duties and obligations are mainly aimed to ensure the preservation of the immovable, the administration of the common portions and the protection of the rights affecting the immovable or co-ownership, as well as all operations in the common interest.
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