Private conflict resolution processes outside judicial proceedings: Negotiation, mediation and arbitration are all a part of the alternative dispute resolution processes, although the parties may also resort to any other method that suits them and they consider appropriate. Article 1 of the Code of Civil Procedure requires the parties to consider the use of "PDPRP" before referring their dispute to the courts.
The co-owners who do not respect the By-laws of the immovable (Declaration of Co-Ownership) are plentiful. Their offences may include nighttime disturbances (abnormal neighbourhood disturbance), noisy animals or non-compliance with parking regulations. Such behaviour can cause serious prejudice to certain co-owners or to the syndicate.
In such a situation, it is up to the Board of Directors to act, by enforcing the regulations set out in the Declaration of Co-Ownership. As soon as a breach is noted or brought to its attention, the Board of Directors must intervene to put an end to delinquent behaviour. The co-owners concerned should therefore not hesitate to turn to their syndicate, in this case the directors, for the implementation of various measures aimed at sanctioning any person at fault.
The declaration of co-ownership is a contract that orchestrates and regulates the lives of co-owners, lessees and other occupants of the immovable. It represents the guideline for everyone who lives in the immovable.The declaration of co-ownership provides, systematically, that it is up to the board of directors to have its content abided to. However, it happens that people break the rules, in particular by a non-compliant use of a private portion with regard to the destination of the immovable, a noise nuisance and work carried out in violation of the by the laws of the immovable. Other examples illustrate the problems that can occur in the co-ownership, such as an encroachment on a common portion or the improper installation of a floor covering. Anyone who does not abide to the declaration of co-ownership is liable, inter alia, to a legal recourse based on article 1080 of the Civil Code of Quebec . This action may be brought by a co-owner or the syndicate.