Definition : Short-term rental

The action of renting, on more than one occasion during the same year, a furnished premises for a period of less than one year, such as a rental by the night, by the week or by the month, to a transient clientele who does not fix his residence there main.

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Question:  I would like to know if it is still legal to rent a condo? Can the syndicate of co-owners, at its sole discretion, prevent such a thing? What are my rights?
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We are concerned about the comings and goings of strangers in our building. This concern is all the more justified by the fact that some of our co-owners rent without right, for short periods, to travelers (Airbnb-type rental). Question: Can the Board of Directors ask to see a tenant's id in order to certify that he is who he claims to be?
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Un nouveau règlement entré en vigueur le 1er mai 2020 fait en sorte que dorénavant, si la déclaration de copropriété est muette à propos de la location de type hôtelière (par exemple Airbnb), un copropriétaire devra demander la permission au conseil d'administration, s'il veut s'adonner à cette activité dans son appartement.
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The Internet spawned a collaborative economy. Web sites such as Airbnb allow co-owners to rent their apartments to third parties a few days a year. This accommodation formula, intended for travelers, sometimes generates substantial income. For this reason, some owners are tempted by these easy pickings. And they believe they are entitled to do so, (wrongly in many cases) and to use their private portion as they see fit. Many co-owners are unaware that this activity is prohibited in their building. Others are fully aware, but are unconcerned. However the incessant ins and outs of strangers brings its lot of disadvantages. Late and noisy arrivals, as well as departures at dawn are generally not compatible with the lifestyle sought by the resident-co-owners of the building. This practice can potentially have a negative impact on their safety.
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The additional premium is a premium that is added to the existing premium. It results from a worsening of the risk or from the assumption of a new risk. This additional premium may be imposed during the course of a contract or upon its renewal. Risks are analyzed according to scales that are specific to each insurer. Ultimately, the syndicate will pay this additional premium, which will be charged to all of the co-owners through the common expenses (condo fees) or, at times, some of them.
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6 février 2020 — Un copropriétaire de Québec a été condamné à payer quelque 15 000 $ à son syndicat, fruit d’une décision rendue par la Cour du Québec – Division des petites créances. L’homme en question louait son unité à court terme (location de type hôtelière), en contravention avec sa déclaration de copropriété. Le défendeur estimait pourtant avoir le droit d’utiliser son condo « à des fins personnelles, que la location à court terme n’était pas interdite par la déclaration de copropriété initiale, et que ce n’est qu’à l’occasion de modifications apportées en 2017 que pareille location fut prohibée. »
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Le phénomène AirBnB prend de l’ampleur au Québec. Cette plateforme peut faciliter la location à court terme d’unité de condominium. Toutefois, certaines déclarations de copropriété interdisent formellement ce type de location. Mais certains copropriétaires contreviennent consciemment ou non aux dispositions desdites déclarations de copropriété. Combien de fois les administrateurs ou gérants entendent « je suis chez nous et je fais ce que je veux ».
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    Even though some short-term residential rental websites offer insurance for that type of leasing, the fact that you are renting your apartment to tourists, remains essential information to be communicated to both your home insurer and your syndicate insurer. Remember that the insured must declare to his insurer any circumstance resulting from events within his control, which aggravates the risks stipulated in the insurance policy. This will avoid horror stories on the occasion of a loss.  
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Even though a co-owner is at home in his apartment, its use should be in accordance with the prescriptions of the declaration of co-ownership. This document may contain provisions prohibiting any activities other than residential ones in the immovable. To ensure the welfare of its residents, it may be necessary for the syndicate to impose sanctions to co-owners or tenants who disregard the by-laws of the immovable. It may even, on occasion, petition the court to assert the rights of all co-owners.
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An incompatible activity When the leased property is an apartment, the lessee must respect the by-laws of the immovable. However more often than not, tourists renting a condo for a short period of time have not received a copy thereof and may not even realize they are contravening   its provisions.They sometimes unduly use visitor parking spaces, reducing the number of available spaces. Others are shamelessly parked in spaces owned by co-owners or in their assigned spaces. Moreover, these in and out tourists may be less inclined to be concerned with security and the tranquility of co-owners. In short, they consider their leased unit they as a hotel room.
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