Definition : Voting

Action by which the general meeting of the co-owners or the board of directors adjudicate on a proposed resolution.

Related articles


Dans le contexte de la pandémie de la COVID-19 et alors que des mesures sont mises en place par les instances gouvernementales pour limiter les rassemblements, les syndicats de copropriétaires envisagent des solutions de remplacement aux assemblées de copropriétaires. Distanciation sociale oblige, la COVID-19 a donné ainsi naissance à un phénomène en copropriété : les assemblées virtuelles de copropriétaires, aussi appelées assemblées à distance. Depuis le 26 avril 2020, l’arrêté ministériel 2020-029 les a rendues possibles. Cette nouvelle forme pour la tenue des assemblées de copropriétaires a conquis de nombreux adeptes. L'intérêt pour la poursuite des assemblées virtuelles de copropriétaires ne dérougit pas. Il est fort à parier qu'il s'agit d’une pratique qui est là pour rester. 
View more
  The right to vote is a founding principle of democracy. Citizens of a democracy   can express their will in a ballot.  In principle, this right is equal amongst all voters. Practically speaking, it is equivalent to the «one person, one vote" rule, which means that every vote   has the same weight. However, co-ownership derogates from this principle, namely in that the number of votes held by the co- owners is in direct correlation with their rights of ownership in the immovable. An overview of the various aspects of voting in General Meetings of co-owners.    
View more
The General Meeting of the co-owners takes its decisions by a vote. Without this list being exhaustive, two voting procedures are set out in article 351 of the Civil Code of Quebec: the show of hands or, upon request, the secret ballot. The choice of one or the other voting procedure is predicated upon competing objectives of simplicity or of confidentiality in the decision making process. A focus on the different terms and conditions of voting in a General Meeting:
View more
 The resolutions of the General Meeting of the co-owners require complex calculations in order to determine whether a the required majority has been reached. To do so, you must make sure that the register of co-owners is up to date, and that the compilation of votes is done according to the relative value specific to each fraction. This reduces the risk of contestation of an adopted resolution. That said, some decisions have extremely important consequences for all co-owners so the requirements in terms of majorities are then higher. For this reason, the law imposes three levels of majority: absolute, enhanced and double majority, depending on the importance of the decision to be taken.
View more