Definition : Work

In the context of the construction of an immovable, a set of operations that are completed or to be carried out (e.g. rehabilitation work).

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May 3, 2022- The duty of maintenance and conservation of the building that falls to the administrators of a co-ownership involves one day doing business with construction contractors. Whether it is to replace the roof, renovate the entrance hall or repair brick siding and masonry, it is important to be vigilant when awarding such contracts, given their often very high costs. As agents of the syndicate, directors must act with caution, in order to protect the interests of the community of co-owners. This translates into various rules that should be followed, especially when the work is important:  
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Dans la nuit du 24 juin 2021, une tour d’habitation à Surfside, en banlieue de Miami, s'effondrait partiellement. Cette tragédie qui a fait tout près de 100 victimes a soulevé l’effroi et l’horreur. La destruction de la Champlain Towers South, une tour de 12 étages construite en 1981 détenue en copropriété divise, a amené nombre de copropriétaires québécois à se poser des questions: « Comment cela a-t-il pu se produire? Cette Webradio animé par Francois G. Cellier a fait un parallèle avec la situation au Québec, où l’âge moyen des copropriétés est de 30 ans. Marc-André Harnois, directeur général de l’Association des consommateurs pour la qualité dans la construction (ACQC), Valéry Couture, gestionnaire de copropriété et fondatrice de l’entreprise en gestion Condos Stratégis, l’avocat Richard Leblanc, avocat en droit de la copropriété en Outaouais, ainsi que Claude Guertin, ingénieur en structure chez ProspecPlus Génie Conseil ont rendu témoignage sur la détérioration progressive d'une partie du parc immobilier québécois.  
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La Régie du bâtiment du Québec a fait l'objet d'un rapport accablant, au début du moins de juin, par le Vérificateur général du Québec. Un des problèmes soulevés touche les licences, que cet organisme délivre à tous les travailleurs de la construction.
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Pour un syndicat, réaliser des travaux dans les parties privatives de son immeuble requiert le suivi d'un protocole, avant de pouvoir y accéder. Mais en revanche, tout copropriétaire doit se montrer coopératif, advenant que des travaux doivent être réalisés dans son condo, afin de préserver l'intégrité et la pérennité du bâtiment.
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Les travaux à faire dans une copropriété doivent être décidé par le CA, ou par l'assemblée des copropriétaires, en fonction de leur nature. Ne pas suivre cette règle pourrait entraîner des conséquences extrêmement fâcheuses.
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  In compliance with its legal obligations to preserve the building, a syndicate of co-owners is frequently called upon to retain the services of contractors over the years to carry out, among other things, conversion work in the common portions. In this regard, the directors forming the board of directors of the syndicate have the obligation to act with prudence, honesty and loyalty and in the interest of the community of co-owners, in accordance with Article 322 of the Civil Code of Québec, when awarding a construction contract to one or more contractors. With this in mind, can directors contract with a contractor who offers the syndicate a competitive price in return for a cash payment "under the table", i.e., without paying or remitting the taxes usually payable?
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Les travaux à faire dans une copropriété peuvent être décidé par le conseil d'administration, alors que d'autres nécessitent un vote par l'assemblée des copropriétaires.
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Since last fall, work to complete the construction of our building has been stopped, while buyers of the top floor units were supposed to move in in December.  Question: Faced with the refusal of a developer or builder to complete the construction of the building, can the syndicate of co-ownership or any co-owner act in any way to either compel the builder to complete the work or obtain compensation?
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Every syndicate of co-owners has obligations regarding common portions maintenance. Article 1039 of the Civil Code of Québec provides that "Upon the publication of the declaration of co-ownership, the co-owners as a body constitute a legal person, the objects of which are the preservation of the immovable, the maintenance and administration of the common portions, the protection of the rights appurtenant to the immovable or the co-ownership, as well as all business in the common interest”. However, this section was amended following the adoption of Bill 16. At the end of the first paragraph, referring to the syndicate of co-ownership, it reads the following sentence: "The legal person must, in particular, see to it that the work necessary for the preservation and maintenance of the immovable is carried out."  In the event that the latter fails to maintain and preserve the immovable, the syndicate may incur civil liability. This means that it is bound to have the necessary work carried out to prevent deterioration of the common portions of the immovable. The declaration of co-ownership and other legal provisions impose this obligation.
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22 août 2013- Un devoir fondamental d’assurer l’entretien et la conservation de l’immeuble s’impose aux administrateurs de tout syndicat de copropriété; c’est d’ailleurs là leur mission première. Il en découle l’obligation de pourvoir aux coûts engendrés par ces travaux. Voyons donc quelles sont les principales sources de financement des travaux en copropriété.
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Many co-owners carry out work to renovate their apartments, after moving in, to make them more in tune with their tastes and personalities. Redecorating the premises and integrating new equipment,such as in the kitchen or the bathroom, is a legitimate endeavor. To know the rules to be respected, it is better to refer to the declaration of co-ownership. This is how you will have to check, before a project can begin, whether the work in question is subject to prior authorization. Some work can be carried out without prior authorization, while other work requires the approval of the board of directors or of the meeting of co-owners.
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The by-laws of the immovable (declaration of co-ownership) generally include strict rules, limitations and even prohibitions concerning work that can be undertaken in a private portion. This explains why, in many cases, the co-owners require prior authorization from the board of directors. This decision-making body has the power to approve several types of work that co-owners would like to do in their apartment.      
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When the work of a co-owner has an impact on the common portions, the latter must obtain authorization from the meeting of co-owners to have it undertaken, even if the work is carried out in his private portion. This authorization requires a vote, the majority of which is greater than that required for the current decisions. Failure to comply with this rule could result in a co-owner being ordered to restore the premises to their original state or even to pay damages.    
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Acoustic comfort is an important element for the quality of life of the occupants of an apartment building. However, it is recognized that noise is one of the most common nuisances in co-ownership. Many disputes between co-owners arise from the noise generated by each other. This bone of contention generates several disputes. To be honest, the proper sound insulation of apartments is one of the main components to watch out for while shopping for a condo. It should be remembered, however, that "acoustic comfort" is not synonymous with sound transmission index (ITS). This index measures the soundproofing capacity (e.g. of a wall), i.e. the average transmission loss of airborne noise through an assembly, expressed in decibels (db). The higher the ITS index, the better the sound insulation.
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