Definition : Voting - Vote by a show of hands

Voting system used at a meeting of the co-owners or a meeting of the board of directors, in which participants are asked to answer a question put to the vote by raising their hand. By this method of voting, the chairman of the meeting essentially relies on raised hands to decide whether the draft resolution put to the vote has been adopted or not. This approach has practical and legal limits. Indeed, precise counting of votes can sometimes be difficult, if not impossible.

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  Co-owners must make decisions that are essential for the life of their co-ownership, which cannot be adopted by the board of directors without their consent. To this end, the meeting of co-owners brings together the co-owners or their representatives, at least once a year. In this context, the taking of these decisions is subject to a strict framework. Meetings of co-owners make decisions by taking a vote. Any proposal submitted for adoption must be voted on to become a resolution. Without being exhaustive, two voting procedures are set out in article 351 of the Civil Code of Quebec: a show of hands or, upon request, a  secret ballot. The choice is predicated upon competing objectives of simplicity or confidentiality in the decision making process.  
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