Definition : Voting - Vote

Expression of a co-owner’s opinion, during an election, which is counted to make a decision. The number of votes that each co-owner can exercise at the meeting of the co-owners is set by the declaration of co-ownership (constituting act of the co-ownership). It is proportional to the relative value of the fraction. The undivided co-owners of a fraction exercise their voting rights in the proportion of their undivided share. For example, Robert, an undivided co-owner, owns 60% of the right of ownership of the fraction and Louise, the other undivided co-owner, holds 40%, while the fraction has a relative value of 10%: Robert will have 6 votes and Louise 4 votes at the general meeting.

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    The right to vote is a founding principle of democracy. Citizens of a democracy   can express their will in a ballot.  In principle, this right is equal amongst all voters. Practically speaking, it is equivalent to the «one person, one vote" rule, which means that every vote   has the same weight. However, co-ownership derogates from this principle, namely in that the number of votes held by the co- owners is in direct correlation with their rights of ownership in the immovable. An overview of the various aspects of voting in General Meetings of co-owners.          
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  Meetings of co-owners make decisions by taking a vote. Any proposal submitted for adoption must be voted on to become a resolution. Without being exhaustive, two voting procedures are set out in article 351 of the Civil Code of Quebec: a show of hands or, upon request, a  secret ballot. The choice is predicated upon competing objectives of simplicity or confidentiality in the decision making process.  
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