Definition : Work - Prior authorization (common portions)

Work initiated at the request of the board of directors and requiring the prior authorization of the general meeting of co-owners. These are either alteration, enlargement or improvement work of the common portions, or that whose purpose or effect is to change the destination of the immovable.

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Pour un syndicat, réaliser des travaux dans les parties privatives de son immeuble requiert le suivi d'un protocole, avant de pouvoir y accéder. Mais en revanche, tout copropriétaire doit se montrer coopératif, advenant que des travaux doivent être réalisés dans son condo, afin de préserver l'intégrité et la pérennité du bâtiment.
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Les travaux à faire dans une copropriété doivent être décidé par le CA, ou par l'assemblée des copropriétaires, en fonction de leur nature. Ne pas suivre cette règle pourrait entraîner des conséquences extrêmement fâcheuses.
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Les travaux à faire dans une copropriété peuvent être décidé par le conseil d'administration, alors que d'autres nécessitent un vote par l'assemblée des copropriétaires.
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Before starting renovation work in your apartment, keep in mind that you live in a condo. Performing such work requires that you carry out prior verifications. It is necessary to refer to the declaration of co-ownership to know the co-owner’s rights and obligations toward the syndicate. It goes without saying that your work must not affect the rights of other co-owners and occupants of the immovable. In addition, it is important to know if your work will have an effect on a common portion which may be located in your privative portion, such as a load-bearing wall, a beam, a column for the various pipes of the immovable.  
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The by-laws of the immovable (declaration of co-ownership) generally include strict rules, limitations and even prohibitions concerning work that can be undertaken in a private portion. This explains why, in many cases, the co-owners require prior authorization from the board of directors. This decision-making body has the power to approve several types of work that co-owners would like to do in their apartment.
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When the work of a co-owner has an impact on the common portions, the latter must obtain authorization from the general meeting of co-owners to have it undertaken, even if the work is carried out in his private portion. This authorization requires a vote, the majority of which is greater than that required for the current decisions. Failure to comply with this rule could result in a co-owner being ordered to restore the premises to their original state or even to pay damages.  
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The Meeting of the co-owners is one of the two decision-making bodies that governs a co-ownership.The major decisions that can potentially concern each member of the co-ownership are in principle taken in assembly. Whether for the work of alteration or improvement of the common portions, the election of the members of the board of directors or the meeting officers, it is up to the co-owners to decide. To ensure the proper functioning of the co-ownership, this body must act impartially in the interest of the community of co-owners and the preservation of the immovable. It must not adopt any decision with the intention to injure the co-owners or some of them or in contempt of their rights.   Its exclusive powers The Meeting of co-owners has powers separate from those of the Board of Directors. It is the Civil Code of Québec and the declaration of co-ownership (Constituting Act) that dictates the powers and responsibilities conferred to it.
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